Strict laws over helicopter flights are crucial, particularly in giant cities, due to the danger arising from these activities. On this article, we will check out helicopter flight rules in Brazil.
In Brazil, the ANAC is responsible for regulating all issues associated to civilian plane. ANAC stands for Agência Nacional de Aviação Civil, which is Portuguese for National Company for Civil Aviation and defines civil aircraft as all these which can be public or private. Aircraft that are employed by the Brazilian Armed Forces are usually not considered civil aircraft.
The ANAC retains track of all civil aircraft in Brazil. It’s, subsequently, necessary to register all plane with the ANAC, and helicopters are no different. This management is done through the Sistema de Registro Aeronáutico Brasileiro, which is Portuguese for Brazilian Aeronautical Registry System, or RAB.
The primary tasks of the Brazilian Aeronautical Registry System are to:
- Keep record of plane nationality and registration marks
- Issue certificates of registration, airworthiness and flight authorization
The RAB additionally retains data of all pilots or plane house owners.
House owners of latest plane have as much as 15 days after the transaction date to register their plane with the RAB. Any sale of plane should advise the RAB, inside 10 days of the transaction date.
Mandatory Processes and Documentation
The first step to register an aircraft in Brazil is to request the Aircraft Nationality and Registration Marks from ANAC. As soon as that is granted, it’s essential to book these Marks as yours, with a purpose to prevent other owners from utilizing the same Marks as those that the ANAC gave you. Finally, when these are booked, it’s possible to have them painted on the aircraft’s shell.
With a purpose to book these Marks, the next documentation is necessary:
- Application for aircraft registry, downloadable in this link
- For legal entities: articles of affiliation, CNPJ quantity, report of the assembly that elected the members of the Board of Directors
- For people: copy of identification doc, CPF number, proof of handle, proof of residency status in the nation, in case of foreigners
- Insurance policy
- Certificado de Vistoria Técnica Inicial, which is Portuguese for Initial Technical Inspection Certificate
- Nota Fiscal or any other document proving how the aircraft was acquired. The unique document should be provided, with notarized signatures
The Initial Technical Inspection can be requested by submitting an application – downloadable here – to the ANAC. The cost of this inspection is BRL 400.
The process of reserving the Plane Nationality and Registration Marks prices BRL 86,00.
Registration of International Aircraft
In the case of international plane, which might be already registered in another country before being moved to Brazil, its registry on the RAB can only be carried out after the registration applicant presents proof that the old foreign registry was canceled or suspended. With a view to register international plane, it’s obligatory to supply the original Bill of Sale, with a notarized signature and consular visa, to the ANAC if you make the booking application for the Aircraft Nationality and Registration Marks.
It is usually the responsibility of the ANAC to keep track and record of all helipads. In fact, no helipad can be constructed or renovated without previous authorization from the ANAC.
Application for Construction
Those that are concerned with establishing or reforming the helipad must file a Request for Preliminary Authorization for airfield building or modification of its Physical Options , Which is Portuguese for Prior Authorization Request for Airfield Construction or Modification of its Physical Characteristics with the ANAC. The Term Liability must Also be attached to the application. The notice advising cue the helipad’s construction Has Been completed, should be handed to the ANAC accordingly as soon as the works are completed. These documents are available here .
Moreover, these documents have to be accompanied by an ART, a Technical Duty Annotation, elaborated by an accredited Engineer. The applicant should also provide proof that they paid the GRU generated from this request, which is BRL 250. The ANAC has as much as ninety days to provide its reply to the application.
The ANAC states that two helipads must be separated by a vertical drop of at least 50m or by a minimal distance of 400m. Additionally, when applying for the construction of a helipad, the ANAC requires that a site plan is drawn up, showing all current helipads inside 500m and all existing airfields inside 15km of the planned helipad.
Application for Registration
Likewise, documents for the registration of the helipad on the ANAC’s registry, describing the entire helipad’s options, must be filed. A model for this software can be found on this document, on pages 15 through 18.
For new helipads, the applicant should request an analysis from the Aeronautics Command stating that the helipad is situated in a safe place for air transportation. It’s essential to request this analysis by one of COMAR’s offices. COMAR stands for Regional Air Command, and its completely different workplaces are:
- I COMAR – with jurisdiction over the states of Pará, Maranhão, and Amapá
- II COMAR – with jurisdiction over the states of Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe, Bahia and Piaui
- III COMAR – with jurisdiction over the states of Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais
- IV COMAR – with jurisdiction over the states of São Paulo and Mato Grosso do Sul
- V COMAR – with jurisdiction over the states of Paraná, Santa Catarina, and the Rio Grande do Sul
- VI COMAR – with jurisdiction over the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso, Tocantins and the Federal District
- VII COMAR – with jurisdiction over the states of Amazonas, Acre, Rondônia and Roraima
An ANAC worker can also visit the helipad in order to be sure that it’s compliant with all necessities and features stated within the application.
The charges for registration of personal helipads or for the modification of physical characteristics of personal helipads are:
- Code 333 – Modification of physical characteristics of private helipad – BRL 250,22
- Code 355 – Registration of private helipad – BRL 1000
Every helipad’s registration is valid for 10 years and can be renewed for equal durations so long as it’s saved within the technical conditions for which the helipad was authorized. The renewal of registration needs to be requested from the ANAC with a minimum of 60 days before the expiration date. The payment for renewing the registration is BRL 300,11.
The ANAC will have up to 120 days to analyze the registration application.