Social inequality and poverty are social problems that affect most countries today. Poverty exists in all countries, rich or poor, but inequality is a phenomenon that occurs mostly in undeveloped countries.The Brazilian govt. has taken many activity curriculum to dismiss the inequality but the problem is in our thinking rich people don’t like to sit with a poor and poor never dare to sit beside a rich. That’s why social inequality in Brazil never been vanished.
The concept of social inequality is an umbrella comprising various types of inequality since inequality of opportunity, income, etc., to inequality of education, income, gender, etc. Generally, economic inequality – the best known – is loosely called social inequality, given the unequal distribution of income. In Brazil, social inequality has been a business card to the world, it is one of the most unequal countries. According to UN data, in 2005 Brazil was the 8th most unequal nation in the world. The Gini index, which measures income inequality, released in 2009 than Brazil fell from 0.58 to 0.52 (the closer to 1, the greater the inequality), but this is still stark.
Some of the researchers who study the Brazilian social inequality attributed in part to persistent Brazilian inequality factors that date back to colonial Brazil, pre-1930 – the media machine, especially television, produces and reproduces the idea of inequality, crediting ” original sin “as a key factor in this social scourge and thus by extension, the common sense” buy “this already formatted idea – by stating that three” colonial pillars “that support inequality: the Iberian influence, patterns of estates of tenure and slavery.
Clearly these variables strongly contributed to the Brazilian inequality remained for centuries in unacceptable levels. However, social inequality in Brazil has been perceived in recent decades, not as pre-modern heritage, but as a result of the effective process of modernization that has taken the country from the early nineteenth century.
Along with their own economic development, also increased poverty, social disparities – education, income, health, etc. – the blatant concentration of income, unemployment, hunger afflicts millions of Brazilians, malnutrition, infant mortality, poor education, violence. These are grade expressions reached by the social inequalities in Brazil.
According to Rousseau, inequality tends to accumulate. Those who come from modest families have, on average, less likely to get a high level of education. Those with low levels of education are less likely to reach a high social status, to exercise prestigious profession and be well paid. It is true that social inequalities are largely generated by the gaming market and capital, and it is also true that the political system intervenes in various ways, sometimes more, sometimes less, to regulate, regulate and correct the functioning of markets that form the material and symbolic compensation.
It is observed that combating inequality ceased to be a national responsibility and suffer the regulation of multilateral institutions like the World Bank. As argued by the sociologist Amélia Cohn, from this idea “was invented the theory of human capital, in which you invest in people so that they can compete in the market.” According to the sociologist, health lost its status of law, making it an investment in the individual qualification.
Or, as stated by Hélio Jaguaribe in his article In the 21st century the threshold: “In a country with 190 million inhabitants, a third of the population have life and educational conditions comparable to a European country. Another third, however, is in a very modest level, comparable to the poorest african-Asian standards. The third intermediate is closer to the bottom than the top. ”
Brazilian society must realize that without an effective democratic state, there is no fight or even significantly reduce social inequality in Brazil.